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Posted: Nov 08, 2018











Across the world, men die an average six years younger than women do, and for reasons that are largely preventable.

The Movember movement focuses on three health issues. Prostate cancer, testicular cancer, and suicide.


Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer to affect Canadian men. One in seven men will be diagnosed with the disease in their lifetime.


Are you at risk?

While any man can develop prostate cancer, you may be at a high risk if you are…

Over 50: Age is the strongest risk factor for prostate cancer. Your risk increases starting at age 50, and most cases are diagnosed in men over age 65. Prostate Cancer Canada recommends that men in their 40s get a PSA test to establish their baseline. If you think you are at increased risk, talk to your doctor before age 40.

Have a family history of prostate cancer: Your risk is higher if a first-degree relative (father or brother) has had prostate cancer. Your risk increases with each additional first-degree relative who has the disease.

African or Caribbean: Prostate cancer is more common among men in these ethnic groups. (Men of Asian descent have lower risk.)

Overweight: Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight reduces your risk. Regular exercise and a nutritious diet are important to overall well-being.

Do not have a healthy diet: Men who eat a low-fibre, high-fat diet are more likely to develop prostate cancer. Saturated fats may increase testosterone production and promote the growth of prostate cancer cells.  


Signs and Symptoms:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Urgent need to urinate
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Burning or pain when urinating
  • Inability to urinate or difficulty starting or stopping urine flow
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Blood in the urine or semen

Symptoms are not always present especially in the early stages of prostate cancer.  If detected and treated in its earliest stages (when cells are only in the prostate), your chances of survival are greatly increased.  Early detection is key.   It is important to get screened regularly so that if you do develop prostate cancer, the appropriate action can be taken.

What is Testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is a malignant tumour that starts in cells of a testicle. Malignant means that it can spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body. In 2017, 1,100 Canadian men were diagnosed with testicular cancer.


Signs and symptoms


Finding testicular cancer early


Early detection is the key to survival. When testicular cancer is found and treated early, the chances of successful treatment are better.


All men should know what is normal for their testicles. Many men discover testicular cancer by noticing changes in their testicles.

The best time to feel the testicles is just after a warm bath or shower. The heat from the water makes the testicles descend and the scrotum relax, which makes it easier to feel anything that is abnormal.

Carefully feel each testicle for any changes, such as a lump or any tenderness. At the back of each testicle there is a tube (called the epididymis) that collects and carries sperm. It is normal to feel this tube as a soft cord or a small bump. It is also normal for one testicle to be larger than the other. Comparing the 2 sides for differences may be helpful.

If you find a change, if you have any symptoms or are worried about your health
report it to a doctor as soon as possible.



Suicide in men has been described as the “silent epidemic”: epidemic because of its high incidence and substantial contribution to men’s mortality, and silent because of the lack of public awareness, a lack of research, and the reluctance of men to seek help for suicide related concerns.

This silence is killing men. In Canada, on average 10 people die by suicide each day and males account for 75% of suicides. Please help to break the silence.  Print this infographic and place it in the lunch room, print the resources below to go with it. Let the men in your life know that “it is ok to not be ok.”

There are varying opinions on why men account for so many deaths. Craig Martin, global director of Mental Health & Suicide Prevention for the Movember Foundation, a charity raising funds and awareness about men’s health shared his.

Collective socialization teaches boys to “suck it up,” and “toughen up,” in the face of adversity. Dominant notions of masculinity keep men silent, ashamed to access mental health services.

“When men believe they are not meeting that standard they feel a sense of shame and defeat,” says Martin. It’s easy to lose hope. Toughing out emotional distress has men self-medicating through drugs and alcohol and at its worst, suicide.

“When it comes to male suicide, we are unfortunately losing the battle right now…” says Martin. Sure, we’re definitely discussing mental health more, but the silence is deafening and deadly when it comes to male depression, anxiety, and suicide. “11% of men will suffer depression in their life.” There needs to be more talk and more action.

According to Martin, feelings of hopelessness, of not knowing how to talk about what they are going through, or feeling like they don’t want to burden anyone with their experiences are all a part of why some men may choose suicide. Unfortunately, the research shows men who are considering suicide often use more lethal means, and tragically, are more likely to be successful in their attempts to die by suicide.

“When you suffer in silence, you’re on your own,” adds Martin. “If you’re already in a dark place, your head can be pretty unforgiving, accelerating feelings of unworthiness or despair.” Talking about how you’re feeling takes you out of your head and into the world. It allows someone else to help.

“Our research has shown that a majority of men say they are there for their friends when they need support, yet considerably fewer men are prepared to go to someone when they’re struggling themselves – bringing to life the need for those around men to take themselves off ‘mute’ and start the conversation,” says Martin.

Unmute and speak up. “What we really need is for men to actually man up and share their stories with other boys and men. Having strong male role models talking openly about their mental health and their emotions tells other boys and men who are listening that, ‘Hey, I’m not alone… and he’s super cool and manly and yet he’s talking about things that are bothering him. I guess it’s okay for me to do the same.’”

Keep the conversation going: “We need to equip our boys, young men, and men with the tools to articulate their emotional distress and we all need to role model and practice talking with vulnerability about mental health and well-being.”







What can we do?

Check out – they’ve just launched three short videos that are disguised as how-to tips on everyday life tasks, like changing a bike flat or checking the BBQ propane level, but all have a call to action accessed by un-muting the video.

Each video demonstrates the importance of taking the initiative to ask men how they are doing – don’t just assume everything is ok!

Start important conversations with men today:

Ask how they are doing

Listen, without judgement

Encourage action

Check in regularly


Mental health emergencies:

Mental health emergencies differ from physical emergencies!

In a mental health emergency, we must appreciate that the signs and symptoms can give clues to the irritability, anxiety, or rage the person may display. Determine that there is an emergency and not what the root cause may be.

Focus on finding the appropriate help rather than a label for the emergency!

There are physical conditions that may mimic a mental health emergency such as:

  • Diabetic emergencies
  • Drug reactions
  • Shock



There is no set formula or single intervention that works for all. You have to work with how the person is behaving differently in comparison to their usual behaviour.



Signs and symptoms- Symptoms vary greatly, which can cause discrepancy when trying to figure out what is going on or causing the emergency. Focus on if the individual is acting different than “usual”. 

  • Abrupt changes in mood
  • Feelings of: hopelessness, great guilt, shame, or persistent sadness
  • Changes in normal activities: disinterest, ignoring routines taking part in destructive activities
  • Euphoria- excessive happiness
  • Extreme irritability, extreme reactions to stimuli
  • Hyperventilation, trembling, nausea
  • Lack of sleep, trouble sleeping, being exhausted
  • Loss of weight, poor appetite, aversion to food, binge eating or drinking
  • Sudden irrational actions or verbal outbreaks



Communicating with the person

  • Attentive and active listening
  • Determine the nature of the crisis and what has elicited the crisis
  • Waiting: Allow the person time to think and express thoughts before answering
  • Use facilitative responses: Clues that you are listening such as “Go-on” or “I see…” that will encourage the person to tell their story
  • Non-verbal skills: Watch posture, proximity, direction of gaze, eye contact, facial expression
  • Show attentiveness


Support Network   Apart from if the person is clearly suicidal, self-harming or violent, 911 is rarely the call that should get made. It is more effective to put the person in contact with some form of support network.



Sault Ste. Marie Resources

Algoma Public Health- (705)942-4646,

Sault Area Hospital- Crisis Line (705)759-3398,

        1-800-721-0077(outlying areas of the Algoma District)

Neighborhood Resource Centre-  

or drop in to 138 Gore Street

Canadian Mental Health Association Sault branch- (705) 759-0458





Legal Resources


Ontario Form 1

  • Can be used by police or persons to bring someone to a psychiatric facility
  • If at risk of harm to self or others, unable to appropriately care for self, or neglecting personal well-being
    • Example: Client abusing drugs and refusing to eat perishing with low weight
  • Lasts up to 72 hours
  • Assessment by physician required

*Note- Anyone can bring this form to the justice of the peace. Once completed and signed police can then act and bring the person for evaluation against their will.


Ontario Form 3

  • A person can be admitted to hospital against his or her will
  • Person will have to stay in hospital for up to 2 weeks
  • Physician assessment required immediately

*Note: Some people are in a state of illness in that they do not realize their potential for harm or injury and require additional safety precautions